Ancient Times Before Christ
5509 to 1 BC
Adam and Eve are created in the Garden of Eden.
Adamís son Cain builds the city of Enoch, the first of the Sumerian city-states.
Alulim becomes king in the city of Eridu. Sumerian civilisation arises in southern Mesopotamia.
Rama, the seventh avatar of Vishnu, is born.
The wheel is invented in Mesopotamia.
The Egyptian civil calendar is created.
The first kings rule in Upper Egypt.
The Life of Methusaleh; the oldest man who ever walked the Earth.
Writing is invented in the Middle-East.
The Life of Krishna, eighth avatar of Vishnu.
In India: The Harappan Civilisation arises along the Indus River valley.
The Double Falcon King rules in Lower Egypt.
The Scorpion King unites the Upper and Lower Kingdoms of Egypt.
~ Beginning of the Old Kingdom in Egypt.
The Indian guru Vyasa composes the epic Mahabharata.
The Great Flood
A great deluge inundates the entire lands of India, China, and Sumeria and devastates their ancient civilisations.
Gilgamesh reigns as the fifth king of Uruk.
In China: The reign of Huangdi, the Yellow Emperor.
Imhotep, King Djoserís visier, designs Egyptís first pyramid.
The chariot is introduced to Mesopotamia.
The first swords are used in the Middle-East.
The Great Pyramids of Giza are constructed in Egypt.
The Reign of Sargon the Great; Conqueror of Uruk and founder of the Akkadian Empire.
The Gutian invasion puts an end to Sargonís Empire.
In China: The Beginning of the Xia Dynasty.
Minoan civilisation arises on the isle of Crete.
End of the Old Kingdom in Egypt.
The Sumerian Renaissance (Third Dynasty of Ur).
Beginning of the Middle Kingdom in Egypt.
The Elamite invasion spells an end to the Third Dynasty of Ur.
The Lordís Call to Abraham
Father Abraham, his wife/sister Sarah, and his whole family leave Mesopotamia to go and settle Israel and fulfill the Lordís promise to His Chosen People.
In India: The Harappan Civilisation declines and disappears.
Babylon gains hegemony over Mesopotamia under Hammurabi, the Law-giver.
~ Founding of the Old Babylonian Empire.
In China: The Beginning of the Shang Dynasty.
Joseph gets his technicolor dreamcoat.
~ His ten older brothers, jealous of his fine duds, sells him into slavery in Egypt.
The Hyksos people rise to power in Egypt.
~ End of the Middle Kingdom.
The rise of Achaean civilisation in Greece.
The Hittites sack Babylon.
~ End of the Old Babylonian Empire.
Beginning of the New Kingdom in Egypt.
Baby Moses is born and gets put in a reed basket on the Nile.
The Aryans invade northern India.
Iron first comes into use.
The Volcanic Eruption of Thera
The island of Thera is wiped off the map. Itís massive tsunamis wreak havoc on Minoan civilisation, itís immense clouds of ash the direct cause of the Ten Plagues of Egypt.
Moses leads the Hebrew people out of Egypt, parts the Red Sea, and recieves the Ten Commandments from the Lord on Mount Sinai.
The Hebrew Exodus from Egypt
Pharaoh Thutmose III conquers a mighty empire for Egypt.
The rise of the Hittite Empire.
The Achaeans invade the isle of Crete, bringing an end to Minoan civilisation.
King Tut is buried in Egypt.
The Life of Hercules; greatest of Greek heroes.
Jason and the Argonautís Quest for the Golden Fleece.
The Trojan War
The Long-Haired Achaeans attack the great city of Troy to recover the beautiful Helen, wife of King Menelaus of Sparta, from the weasely Prince Paris. Waged by great heroes such as Odysseus, Hector and the mighty Achilles, the Achaeans are victorious after conivingly stowing into the city inside a giant wooden horse designed as a gift.
Odysseus, Achaean hero of the Trojan War, sails back to his home of Ithaca and his wife Penelope but is betrot with innumerable perils along the way.
The reign in Egypt of Pharaoh Ramses III; Defeater of the invading Sea People.
Samson, the strongest man who ever lived (until 1970 AD when he was surpassed by Arnold Schwarzenegger), rules as Judge of Israel.
The collapse of the Hittite Empire.
In China: King Wu, the Martial King, defeats the Shang and establishes the Chou Dynasty.
The Dorians, descendants of the mighty Hercules, invade Achaean Greece.
The Greek Dark Ages.
The prophet Samuel annoints Saul as the first king of Israel.
The shepherd boy David kills the giant Goliath with a slingshot (well, actually he only knocked out Goliath with the slingshot and then proceeded to saw the manís head off with a sword while he was unconscious).
End of the New Kingdom in Egypt.
King David rules in Israel.
King Solomon, the son of David, rules in Israel. the wisest man who ever lived.
The Temple of Solomon is founded in Jerusalem.
The Avesta is thus spoken by Zarathustra, founder of Zoroastrianism and inventor of magic.
The Assyrian Empire is founded.
The first cavalries come into use in Assyria.
The founding of Carthage by Queen Dido of Tyre.
The first Greek city-states appear.
The first Olympic Games are held in Greece.
In China: The Chouís capital in the West is sacked by barabarians and the royal court is forced to move East.
Beginning of the Spring and Autumn Period in China.
The Founding of Rome.
Romulus and Remus are suckled by a she-wolf and Romulus is made the first king of Rome.
Tiglath-Pileser III of Assyria conquers much of the known world, culminating in his victory over Babylon in 729.
Beginning of the Late Period in Egypt.
In the mysterious Far East: Japan is founded by the ancestral Emperor Jimmu.
Nabopolassar leads a revolt against the Assyrian Empire.
~ The New Babylonian Empire is Founded.
The Babylonian Captivity of the Jews
The destruction of Jerusalem and Solomonís Temple by the Babylonians. The Jews are taken into captivity for seventy years.
The Life of Siddhartha Gautama; the Buddha.
Leaves his palace at the age of 29, attains enlightenment at 35 and founds the great religion of Buddhism.
Cyrus the Great is crowned king, establishes the Persian Empire.
Confucius lives and teaches in the exotic land of China.
Cyrus the Great conquers Lydia and the Medes.
Cyrus overthrows Babylon while a feasting King Belshazzar sees ďThe Writing on the WallĒ.
The Second Temple is founded in Jerusalem.
Egypt is conquered by Cambyses II of Persia.
Darius the Great of Persia invades northern India.
King Tarquin of Rome is overthrown after his son Sextus was caught raping a noblewoman.
~ The Founding of the Roman Republic.
The Persian Wars in Greece.
The Greeks defeat the Persians at the Battle of Marathon.
~ The marathon race is invented.
300 Spartans defend Greece to their deaths at the Battle of Thermopylae.
The Tower of Babel is despoiled by Xerxes.
In China: Various small states and principalities across the land coalesce into eight warring states.
Beginning of the Warring States Period.
The Life of Socrates.
The humble farmer Cincinnatus answers the call to serve as dictator of Rome.
In China: Beginning of the Warring States Period
The Peloponnesian Wars in Greece.
The Life of Plato.
Sparta defeats Athens and becomes the leading city in Greece.
Amyrtaeus of Sais defeats Darius II, putting an end to Persian rule in Egypt.
Cast iron is invented in China.
The Life of Aristotle.
Sparta is defeated by Thebes.
The whole of Greece falls into anarchy after the Theban leader is killed in battle against Sparta.
Alexander the Great, son of King Philip II of Macedon, is born in the city of Pella. Is tutored by the famed philosopher, Aristotle.
Artaxerxes III of Persia once again defeats Egypt, effectively ending native rule of Egypt for good.
Philip II of Macedon, alongside his son Alexander, conquers all of Greece after defeating Athens and Thebes in the Battle of Chaeronea.
Alexander the Great becomes King of Macedon after the assasination of his father.
Alexander sets out to conquer all of Asia.
Alexander conquers the Persian province of Egypt, almost without a fight.
The Battle of Arbela
Alexander defeats the Persian King Darius III, conquering Persia and establishing the Macedonian Empire.
Alexanderís army turns back at India, tired of the combat, pain and the glory.
Alexander dies of fever in Babylon.
His empire is divided four ways between his generals. Most notably to Seleucus in Syria and the Ptolemyís in Egypt.
Ptolemy Soter declares himself Pharaoh of Egypt.
~ Beginning of the Ptolemaic Kingdom in Egypt.
In India: The Reign of Ashoka the Great
Rome conquers the entire Italian peninsula.
The First Punic War
Rome vs. Carthage
In China: The End of the Chou Dynasty.
In China: The Chinese Empire is founded by the legendary Emperor Chíin, for whome the land of China is named.
The Beginning of the Chíin Dynasty.
The Second Punic War
Rome is pitted against the forces of Hannibal of Carthage and his elephants.
The First Macedonian War
The Greek philosopher, Archimedes, directs sunlight with mirrors to set Roman ships on fire during the Siege of Syracuse.
In China: Beginning of the Han Dynasty
The Second Macedonian War
The Third Macedonian War
The Maccabees defeat the Seleucids. Israel regains her independence for the last time in antiquity.
The Fourth Macedonian War
Rome defeats Greece. Two years later, Macedonia becomes a province of Rome.
The Third Punic War
Carthage is utterly destroyed.
Mithridates I of Parthia conquers much of Seleucusí Empire.
Tiberius Gracchus pushes for reforms in the Roman Senate and gets killed as a result.
Gaius Gracchus pushes for reforms in the Roman Senate and gets killed as a result.
Julius Caesar is born.
The dictatorship of Sulla in Rome.
Spartacus leads his slave revolt against the Roman Republic.
Israel becomes subject to Roman rule.
The Gallic Wars
Julius Caesar defeats the Celtic chief, Vercingetorix, and conquers all of Gaul (modern-day France) as province of Rome.
Caesar and his army cross the Rubicon.
~ Julius Caesar is made dictater of the Republic.
The Final Wars of the Roman Republic.
March 15: Caesar is assassinated in the Senate Hall. Gets stabbed a whopping twenty-three times.
Marc Antony and Cleopatra are defeated at the Battle of Actium by Octavian, nephew and heir of Julius Caesar.
The Roman Empire is officially established as the Senate gives Octavian the title of Augustus.
~ Augustus Caesar - First Emperor of Rome.
King Herod restores the magnificent Second Temple in Jerusalem.
December 25: Our Lord, Jesus of Nazereth, is born in the City of Bethlehem.